Agriculture is the mainstay of the 80% of rural population of the Jharkhand state. It provides employment and primary income generating activity. The economy of the Jharkhand state is characterized by dependence on nature, low investment, low productivity, mono-cropping (paddy as the dominant crop), inadequate irrigation facilities (92% of the total cultivated area is unirrigated) and small and marginal land holdings. Vetiver and lemongrass, two drought tolerant crops were introduced during the rainy season basically for generating planting material for the neighbouring farmers. Our efforts were also financially supported by Jharkhand State Livelihood Promotion Society (JSLPS) for improving the livelihood of Jharkhand farmers undertaking cultivation on the fringes of forest. To make farmers aware about the benefits of these crops, 85 officers of JSPLS were participants on cultivation of aromatic crops to be introduced in Jharkhand. These officers would further train the farmers for the expansion of area to be brought under cultivation of aromatic crops.