Jammu and Kashmir is a hilly state having varied topography with over 65 percent of its population depending on agriculture and allied sectors. Viability of agriculture as a profession is adversely affected by capital inadequacy and lack of infrastructural support of agricultural produce. Dwindling water resources too is a major challenge as only 42 percent of the cultivated area is under irrigation. Crops like Tagetes and lavender are the source of essential oils in high demand. They have the ability to generate an income of more than Rs. 1.5 lakhs per hectare annually. These crops were introduced as they provide higher benefits to the farmers of hilly areas where agriculture is limited by small land holdings. In 2017, 15 awareness programmes, attended by more than 1507 farmers, were organized providing training to the farmers interested in the cultivation of aromatic crops. An area of around 75 hectares was covered under these crops. Also, 20 hectares of lemongrass was introduced in the Jammu region.